At Theresa Nuzzo School we strongly feel that every child should become a confident and fluent reader. The Read Write Inc. programme is the phonics scheme we use to teach our children how to read and write.

The RWI approach is taught by practising the 5 Ps:

Teaching Read Write Inc-

In class children are taught the Set 1 Speed Sounds and how to read words using these sounds. Children are assessed and placed in colour groups depending on ability. They are assessed regularly throughout the year to ensure that they are making progress and are in a group suited to their ability. The children work through set 1 sounds before moving on to set 2, and then the same for set 3. The following pack of materials is to help you support your child at home through their phonics journey.

Speed Sounds Set 1
Speed Sounds Set 2
ayeeighowoo longoo shortarorairirouoy     
Speed Sounds Set 3
  Additional Sounds

Parent Resources

Please check the:

                                      Read Write Inc – Parent Booklet 2

Learning Set 1 Sounds

In class children are taught the the Set 1 Speed Sounds written with one letter:

m  a  s  d  t  i  n  p  g  o  c  k  u  b  f  e  l  h  r  j  v  y  w  z  x

Then they are taught  the sounds written with two letters ( ‘special friends’):

sh  th  ch  qu  ng  nk  ck

Your child now starts learning to read words containing Set 1 Speed Sounds by sound blending.

For example: m-a-t mat                                       

                      c-a-t cat 

                      g-o-t got                                        

                      f-i-sh fish           

                      s-p-o-t spot                                   

                      b-e-s-t best            

                      s-p-l-a-sh splash.

Set 1
mDown Maisie then over the two mountains. Maisie, mountain, mountain.
aRound the apple, down the leaf.
sSlide around the snake
dRound the dinosaur’s back, up his neck and down to his feet.
tDown the tower, across the tower,
iDown the insect’s body, dot for the head.
nDown Nobby and over the net.
pDown the plait, up and over the pirate’s face.
gRound the girl’s face, down her hair and give her a curl
oAll around the orange
cCurl around the caterpillar
kDown the kangaroo’s body, tail and leg
uDown and under the umbrella, up to the top and down to the puddle
bDown the laces, over the toe and touch the heel
fDown the stem and draw the leaves
eSlice into the egg, go over the top, then under the egg
lDown the long leg
hDown the horse’s head to the hooves and over his back
shSlither down the snake, then down the horse’s head to the hooves and over his back
rDown the robot’s back, then up and curl
jDown his body, curl and dot
vDown a wing, up a wing
yDown a horn, up a horn and under the yak’s head.
wDown, up, down, up the worm.
thDown the tower, across the tower, then down the horse’s head to the hooves and over his back
zZig-zag-zig, down the zip.
chCurl around the caterpillar, then down the horse’s head to the hooves and over his back
quRound the queen’s head, up to her crown, down her hair and curl
xCross down the arm and leg and cross the other way
ngA thing on a string
nkI think I stink

Learning Set 2 Speed Sounds

Your child then progresses to learning their Set 2 sounds.

There are 12 Set 2 ‘speed sounds’ that are made up of two or three letters which represent one sound, e.g. ay – play, ee – tree and igh – high.

These are the Set 2 Speed Sounds:

ay  ee  igh  ow (as in blow)  oo (as in zoo – long sound)

oo (as in look – short sound) ar  or  air  ir  ou (as in out)  oy

It is important that your child does not pronounce these as 2 or 3 separate sounds.

When your child sees the ‘speed sound’ letters together in a word, they must say just one sound for these letters. These are called ‘special friends’.

When your child learns their Set 2 sounds in school, they will learn:

e.g. may I play

Set 2
ay: ay: may I play
ee: ee: what can you see
igh: igh: fly high
ow: ow: blow the snow
oo long: oo: poo at the zoo
oo short:oo: look at a book
ar: ar: start the car
or: or: shut the door
air: air: that’s not fair
ir: ir: whirl and twirl
ou: ou: shout it out
oy: oy: toy for a boy

Learning Set 3 Speed Sounds

Once your child has learnt Set 2 and is confident, they will start to learn Set 3 sounds.

When learning their Set 3 speed sounds they will be taught that there are more ways in which the same sounds are written;  e.g. ee as in tree and ea as in tea.

There are 20 Set 3 ‘speed sounds’ that are made up of two or three letters which represent just one sound, e.g. ea – tea, ow – cow and are – care.

Again, it is important that your child does not pronounce these as 2 or 3 separate sounds but, they must say just one sound for these letters.

When your child learns their Set 3 sounds in school they will learn:

Set 3
ea: ea: cup of tea
oi: oi: spoil the boy
a-e:a-e: make a cake
i-e: i-e: nice smile
o-e:o-e: phone home
u-e:u-e: huge brute
aw: aw: yawn at dawn
are: are: care and share
ur:ur: purse for a nurse
er: er: a better letter
ow:ow: brown cow
ai: ai: snail in the rain
oa:oa: goat in a boat
ew:ew: chew the stew
ire: ire: fire fire!
ear: ear: hear with your ear
ure: ure: sure it’s pure?
ion:ion: Pay attention, it’s a celebration
cious/ tious:cious: scrumptious delicious
ehe, she, we

Learning Additional Sounds

Besides Set1, Set 2 and Set 3 Sounds there are 8 additional sounds which children need to learn as well. These are ue, ie, au, e-e, kn, ck, wh and ph.

When your child learns these additional sounds in school they will learn:

Additional Sounds
SoundAdditional Sounds
ue: ue: come to the rescue
ie: ie: Terrible tie
au:au: Paul the astronaut
e-ee-e: Go Pete and Steve
knKn: knock, knock, who’s there?
ck: Ck: tick tock clock
wh:Wh: whisk whisk
ph: Ph: take a photo


It is important that the speed sounds are practised in the correct order as they will be taught the sounds in order of the frequency with which they will come across them when reading. The table above shows you, at a glance, the order of the sounds.

Green Words

‘Green words’ are words which your child will be able to ‘fred talk’ (sound out) once they have learnt the sound. They will move to reading these words using ‘Fred in their head’ and then speedy reading.

Every speed sound has a list of green words linked to it, so your son/daughter can read words containing the new speed sound they have just learnt.

Over time, as they get more confident, encourage them to instant sound blend so they are saying the sounds in their head quickly then saying the word out loud.

Set 2
SoundRhymeGreen Words to practice reading and spelling
ay: ay: may I playplay, day, may, way, say, spray, pray, praying
ee: ee: what can you seesee, three, been, green, creep, sleep, weep
igh: igh: fly highhigh, night, light, fright, bright, might, midnight
ow: ow: blow the snowblow, snow, low, show, know, slow,
oo long: oo: poo at the zootoo, zoo, food, pool, moon, spoon, broom, hoof
Oo short:oo: look at a booktook, look, book, shook, cook, foot, stood
ar: ar: start the carcar, start, part, star, hard, bark,sharp, shark
or: or: shut the doorsort, short, horse, sport, fork, snort, born
air: air: that’s not fairfair, stair, hair, air, chair, lair, pair, eclair
ir: ir: whirl and twirlgirl, bird, third, whirl, twirl, dirt, first, shirt, skirt
ou: ou: shout it outout, shout, loud, mouth, round, found, count
oy: oy: toy for a boytoy, toys, boy, boys, joy, enjoy, annoy
Set 3
SoundRhymeGreen Words to practice reading and spelling
ea: ea: cup of teaclean, dream, seat, cream, scream, neat, each
oi: oi: spoil the boyjoin, voice, coin, choice, noise, soil, boil, avoid
a-e:a-e: make a cakemake, cake, name, same, late, date, shake, pane
i-e: i-e: nice smilesmile, white, nice, like, time, hide
o-e:o-e: phone homehome, hope, spoke, note, broke, phone
u-e:u-e: huge brutetune, rude, huge, brute, use, June
aw: aw: yawn at dawnsaw, paw, yawn, claw, dawn, crawl, draw, lawyer
are: are: care and shareshare, dare, scare, square, bare, spare, hare
ur:ur: purse for a nurseburn, turn, burp, spurt, nurse, purse, hurt, turtle
er: er: a better letterher, herd, never, better, hamster, after, proper
ow:ow: brown cowhow, down, brown, cow, town, now, frown
ai:ai: snail in the rainpaid, tail, wait, train, paint, rain, nail, snail, stain
oa:oa: goat in a boatgoat, toad, boat, loaf, road, throat, toast, coat
ew:ew: chew the stewchew, new, blew, flew, drew, grew, crew, knew
ire: ire: fire fire!fire, hire, wire, bon/fire, in/spire, con/spire,ad/mire
ear: ear: hear with your earhear, dear, fear, near, year, ear, earring, spear
ure: ure: sure it’s pure?pure, sure, cure, pic/ture, mix/ture, ad/ven/ture
ion:ion: Pay attention, it’s a celebrationac/tion, ad/di/tion, lo/ca/tion, sub/trac/tion, ques/tion,
cious/ tious:  cious: scrumptious deliciousfe/ro/cious. Pre/cious, de/li/cious, sus/pi/cious
Su/per/sti/tious, am/bi/tious, nu/tri/tious, in/fec/tious
e he, me, we, she
Additional Sounds
SoundRhymeGreen Words to practice reading and spelling
ue: ue: come to the rescueglue, rescue, blue, queue, due
ie:ie: Terrible tie tie, magpie, flies, pie, lie
au:au: Paul the astronautPaul, astronaut, August, author, dinosaur, pause
e-e: e-e: Go Pete and StevePete, Steve, these, theme, complete
kn: kn: knock, knock, who’s there?knock, knight, knee, know, knot, knit, kneel
ckck: tick tock clockclock, rock, lick, pick, duck, stick, neck, tock, back
whwh: whisk whiskWhere, whisk, what, when, white, wheel, whale
phph: take a photoPhoto, phone, dolphin. nephew, alphabet, elephant

Alien words (Nonsense words)

As well as learning to read and blend real words children will have plenty of opportunities to apply their sound recognition skills on reading ‘Nonsense words’ to ensure that they have learnt the sounds of letters or group of letters.

Set 2

Set 3

Additional Speed Sounds

School Updates

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